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How To Train And Develop Your Employees In 2021

How Employee Training and development is Done

Training usually refers to some kind of organized (and finite it time) event — a seminar, workshop that has a specific beginning data and end date. It’s often a group activity, but the word training is also used to refer to specific instruction done one on one.

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Employee development, however, is a much bigger, inclusive “thing”. For example, if a manager pairs up a relatively new employee with a more experienced employee to help the new employee learns about the job, that’s really employee development. In other words employee development is a broader term that includes training as one, and only one of its methods for encouraging employee learning.

Objectives Training and Development

Individual Objectives – help employees in achieving their personal goals, which in turn, enhances the individual contribution to an organization.

Organizational Objectives – assist the organization with its primary objective by bringing individual effectiveness.

Functional Objectives – maintain the department’s contribution at a level suitable to the organization’s needs.

Societal Objectives – ensure that an organization is ethically and socially responsible to the needs and challenges of the society.

Reasons for the growth and development of personnel are:
. Creating a pool of readily available and adequate replacements for personnel who may leave or move up in the organization.

 Enhancing the company’s ability to adopt and use advances in technology because of a sufficiently knowledgeable staff.

 Building a more efficient, effective and highly motivated team, which enhances the company’s competitive position and improves employee morale.

 Ensuring adequate human resources for expansion into new programs.

 Increased productivity.

 Reduced employee turnover.

 Increased efficiency resulting in financial gains.

 Decreased need for supervision.

Types of Employee Training

 On-the-job training takes place in a normal working situation, using the actual tools, equipment, documents or materials that trainees will use when fully trained. On-the-job training has a general reputation as most effective for vocational work.

 Off-the-job training takes place away from normal work situations — implying that the employee does not count as a directly productive worker while such training takes place. Off-the-job training has the advantage that it allows people to get away from work and concentrate more thoroughly on the training itself. This type of training has proven more effective in inculcating concepts and ideas.

The four techniques for on the job development are:
 Coaching
 Mentoring
 Job Rotation
 Job Instruction Technique (Jit)

1. Coaching is one of the training methods, which is considered as a corrective method for inadequate performance.

2. Mentoring is an ongoing relationship that is developed between a senior and junior employee. Mentoring provides guidance and clear understanding of how the organization goes to achieve its vision and mission to the junior employee.

3. job rotation provides the employees with opportunities to broaden the horizon of knowledge, skills, and abilities by working in different departments, business units, functions, and countries. Job rotation is often effectively used as a training technique for new, inexperienced employees. At higher organizational levels, rotation also helps to develop managerial generalists because it exposes them to several different operations

4.) Job Instruction Technique (JIT) uses a strategy with focus on knowledge (factual and procedural), skills and attitudes development. it includes a written breakdown of the work to be done because the trainer and the trainee must understand that documentation is must and important for the familiarity of work.

Off the job training

 Off-the-job training takes place away from normal work situations — implying that the employee does not count as a directly productive worker while such training takes place. Off-the-job training has the advantage that it allows people to get away from work and concentrate more thoroughly on the training itself. This type of training has proven more effective in inculcating concepts and ideas.

Techniques that an employee can take in off the job includes:

Sensitivity Training is about making people understand about themselves and others reasonably, which is done by developing in them social sensitivity and behavioral flexibility.

2.) Transactional Analysis provides trainees with a realistic and useful method for analyzing and understanding the behavior of others. In every social interaction, there is a motivation provided by one person and a reaction to that motivation given by
another person. This motivation reaction relationship between two persons is a transaction.

3 Lecture is telling someone about something. Lecture is given to enhance the knowledge of listener or to give him the theoretical aspect of a topic.

4.) Games and Simulations are structured and sometimes unstructured, that are usually played for enjoyment sometimes are used for training purposes as an educational tool. Training games and simulations are different from work as they are designed to reproduce or simulate events, circumstances, processes that take place in trainees’ job.

 

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